Descendant is a 2022 American historical documentary film directed by Margaret Brown, chronicling the story behind Africatown in Alabama, and the descendants of the last known enslaved Africans brought to the United States aboard the Clotilda. The film premiered at the 2022 Sundance Film Festival, where it was picked up for wider distribution by Higher Ground Productions and Netflix. It received a theatrical release on October 21, 2022 and was available to stream on Netflix that day as well.
The wreckage of the Clotilda was found in 2019 in the Mobile River of Alabama, and the film explores the community of Africatown and the descendants of some of the last known enslaved Africans that were brought to the United States aboard her 40 years after slavery had already been deemed a capital offense.
After the wreckage of the Clotilda was discovered, director Margaret Brown spent four years with the residents of Africatown examining how the discovery impacted the lives of descendants of the last known slaves brought to the US. Brown also produced the film alongside Kyle Martin and Essie Chambers for Participant and Take One Five Entertainment. The film premiered at the 2022 Sundance Film Festival, after which it was picked up by Higher Ground Productions and Netflix for theatrical and streaming distribution. It continued on the festival circuit at the SXSW Festival as a Festival Favorite. The film was released to select theaters and on Netflix on October 21, 2022.
The editor welcomes articles, especially from new authors. Articles typically focus on subjects of interest to descendants of early Massachusetts residents and fall into one of the following categories:
If you believe that you are a Descendant of the enslaved people owned by the Maryland Province, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org as early as possible in the admissions cycle. If it is determined that you are a Descendant, a staff member will contact the Admissions Office to update your application with that information.
At times, authors may want selectors to match an element that isthe descendant of another element in the document tree (e.g., "Matchthose EM elements that are contained by an H1 element"). Descendantselectors express such a relationship in a pattern. Adescendant selector is made up of two or more selectors separated bywhite space. A descendantselector of the form "A B" matches when an elementB is an arbitrary descendant of some ancestor element A.Example(s):
matches a P element that is a grandchild or later descendant of aDIV element. Note the white space on either side of the "*" is not partof the universal selector; the white space is a combinatorindicatingthat the DIV must be the ancestor of some element, and that thatelement must be an ancestor of the P.Example(s):
It matches a P element that is a descendant of an LI; the LI elementmust be the child of an OL element; the OL element must be adescendant of a DIV. Notice that the optional white space aroundthe ">" combinator has been left out.For information on selecting the first child of an element, pleasesee the section on the :first-childpseudo-class below.5.7 Adjacent sibling selectorsAdjacent sibling selectors have the following syntax: E1 + E2,where E2 is the subject of the selector. The selector matches if E1and E2 share the same parent in the document tree and E1 immediatelyprecedes E2,ignoring non-element nodes (such as text nodes and comments).Example(s):
the user agent could simulate start and end tags forSPAN when inserting the fictional tag sequence for :first-line. This is asomewhat long HTMLparagraph that will bebroken into severallines. The first line will be identifiedby a fictional tag sequence. The other lineswill be treated as ordinary lines in the paragraph. The :first-line pseudo-elementcan only be attached to a blockcontainer element.The "first formatted line" of anelement may occur inside ablock-level descendant in the same flow (i.e., a block-leveldescendant that is not positioned and not a float). E.g., the firstline of the DIV in Thisline...</DIV> is the first line of the P (assumingthat both P and DIV are block-level).The first line of a table-cell or inline-block cannot be the firstformatted line of an ancestor element. Thus, in HelloGoodbyeetcetera the first formatted line of the DIV is notthe line "Hello".Note that the first line of the P in this fragment:
The ':first-letter' also applies if the first letter is in fact adigit, e.g., the "6" in "67 million dollars is a lot of money."The :first-letter pseudo-element appliesto block container elements.The :first-letter pseudo-element can be used with all such elements thatcontain text, or that have a descendant in the same flow that containstext. A UA should act as if the fictional start tag of thefirst-letter pseudo-element is just before the first text of theelement, even if that first text is in a descendant.
One exception to that are the descendants of the Clotilda, the last slave ship known to have reached U.S. shores. The vessel unloaded its human cargo in Mobile, Alabama in 1860, on the eve of the Civil War.
Descendant means anywhere nested within it in the DOM tree. Could be a direct child, could be five levels deep, it is still a descendant. This is different than a child combinator (>) which requires the element to be the next nested level down.
If a level is specified, the Descendants function returns a set that contains the descendants of the specified member or the members of the specified set, at a specified level, optionally modified by a flag specified in Desc_Flag.
If Distance is specified, the Descendants function returns a set that contains the descendants of the specified member or the members of the specified set that are the specified number of levels away in the hierarchy of the specified member, optionally modified by a flag specified in Desc_Flag. Typically, you use this function with the Distance argument to deal with ragged hierarchies. If the specified distance is zero (0), the function returns a set that consists only of the specified member or the specified set.
By changing the value of the description flag, you can include or exclude descendants at the specified level or distance, the children before or after the specified level or distance (until the leaf node), and the leaf children regardless of the specified level or distance. The following table describes the flags allowed in the Desc_Flag argument.
CHANG: That's Veda Tunstall in the new documentary "Descendant," which focuses on the slave ship and her survivors. Some of those survivors founded the all-Black community of Africatown after the Civil War ended. Many of their descendants still live there. Earlier this year, after a Sundance screening, I spoke with filmmaker Margaret Brown and Clotilda descendant Veda Tunstall. Veda told me she only started learning about the Clotilda fairly recently - about 10 years ago.
TUNSTALL: I knew things about where my ancestors came from, but nobody sat down and said, we are descendants of the Clotilda. Our people are from Benin, Nigeria, Ghana - wherever we're from. They never said that. So just in the last few years, we were like, oh, OK. Fit this piece from that year together and this piece, and now we know the story. But we've heard it all our lives.
TUNSTALL: It really just validates to the rest of the world that this is true. And it has made the world look at Africatown and the descendants in a whole different way because they never really thought anything about this story. It's just, like, native - local folklore.
CHANG: But the heart of Africatown is with its people and their descendants. And as Veda Tunstall says, the discovery of the Clotilda has helped people in her community deepen their own understanding of their own personal histories.
TUNSTALL: So I was able - I told him who we're descended from. We're descendants of Pollee and Rose Allen. And I've explained to him about Pollee Allen's first wife and second wife and who the children are, about the Meahers. You know, he had never heard of the Meahers, either. And he was thinking, now, that just makes me wonder if I know anybody with that last name. It made it really personal. It opened our eyes a lot.
TUNSTALL: I think the museum is a great way to remember, but I feel like the people are more the story than the ship. We are the greatest relics from the ship, honestly. And we're here. We're fighting for our space. And we are still able to be jubilant and to just be proud of who we are. We are shouting it from the mountaintops right now who we are. It's really a source of pride now. It was a source of shame back then. But now, yes, we're descendants of the Africans on the Clotilda. We're proud as can be.
mid-15c. (adj.) "extending downward;" c. 1600 (n.) "an individual proceeding from an ancestor in any degree," from French descendant (13c.), present participle of descendre "to come down" (see descend).
Despite a tendency to use descendent for the adjective and descendant for the noun, descendant seems to be prevailing in all uses and appears 5 times more often than its rival in books printed since 1900. Compare dependant. In astrology, "the western horizon or cusp of the seventh house," 1680s.
People benefited off of our ancestors and the Clotilda brought them over, so I want the community to benefit off of the Clotilda. I want to see economic growth, redevelopment, and all those types of things happen in our community. Whatever [the discovery of the] Clotilda is going to bring, [the descendant community] going to benefit off of her.
The term length for the Declaration was set for perpetuity, but a clause was included as a redundancy that would keep the Declaration in effect until 21 years after the last currently living descendant of King Charles III passes away.
One in four Latin Americans identifies as an Afro-descendant, some 133 million people. The broad majority live in Brazil, with the rest unevenly dispersed across the other countries. They also make up a disproportionately large share of the poor, according to the report Afro-descendants in Latin America: Toward a Framework of Inclusion presented in San Jose Wednesday. 041b061a72